Regenerative Alternatives

The alternative to endangering Ecuador with extreme extractivism is to empower its extraordinary ecosystems by investing in a rapid transition to a post-petroleum economy founded on renewable energy, conservation of remaining ecosystems, sustainable uses of biodiversity, tourism, agroforestry, and eco-technological development. The following are specific examples of...



Extractive-Degenerative Industries

Alternatives: Sustainable-Regenerative Enterprises


   - Fossil fuels: petroleum, natural gas, coal

   - Nuclear fuels: uranium

   - Metallic minerals



Tourism (*)

Biodiversity (*, *)

Ecosystem Services (*)

   - Carbon sequestration

   - Watershed protection


Fossil Fuel and Nuclear Energy

Centralized generation


Decentralized Renewable Energy (*, *, *)

   - Solar (*)   - Wind (*)   - Biomass

   - Micro-hydro   - Geothermal   - Wave   - Tidal

   - Distributed generation and energy efficiency

Bioremediation and Living Machines

Hydroelectric dams (*)

(e.g., Ecuador, Napo watershed)

River dredging and diversions

(e.g., Río Napo, Proyecto Rios Orientales)

Hydrological design, Rainwater harvesting Integrated watershed management

Water conservation and efficiency

Industrial chemical agriculture - monocultures

Factory farming, Food security (see also)

Regenerative organic agriculture - polycultures (*)

Carbon farming, Food sovereignty (*, *)

Industrial forestry and tree plantations (*)

Restoration forestry and agroforestry (*) (see also)

Grey cities, highways, and urban sprawl

Green cities, ecological infrastructure, and

rural revitalization

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